Risks and Treatments for Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of vision loss worldwide. In fact, 15% of those who have the condition go blind in at least one eye within 20 years of developing the illness. So, it’s a pretty common and serious condition.

At Classic Vision Care, we’re here to serve your needs with a full-service optometry center at both of our locations in Kennesaw and Marietta, Georgia. So, we’ve compiled this helpful guide to glaucoma, including information on recognizing your risk factors and your treatment options.

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma isn’t a disease on its own, but rather a cluster of eye problems that can damage your optic nerve. Because your optic nerve communicates necessary visual information to your brain, any damage to it causes problems with your sight. 

Usually, the damage caused by glaucoma happens gradually, over time. So, people usually begin to notice the problem when they start to experience blind spots in their vision. These blind spots can appear in your side or central vision, and they’re usually present in both eyes. 

Some other symptoms that can arise from glaucoma include:

Because glaucoma can cause permanent vision loss, it’s important that you can identify the symptoms and get treatment as early as possible, to avoid irreversible damage that occurs when the condition is left untreated. 

Risk factors

Genes are one of the most common causes of glaucoma. In fact, studies even link specific genes to optic nerve damage and increased pressure in your eyes. Glaucoma is also more likely to affect those who are:

If you’ve experienced a history of eye injury or multiple eye surgeries, your risk also increases. So, be sure to discuss your full medical history with us during your exam. 

Prevention and treatment  

Though you can’t prevent glaucoma from developing, you can take steps to slow its progression and preserve your vision. There are a few steps that you can take to catch problems early and to keep your vision healthy and functioning, including:

It’s also helpful to make sure your eyes are physically protected. Wear protective eye gear when participating in activities that can result in injury to your eyes. And protect your eyes from the sun, with sunglasses and hats.  

To learn more about glaucoma, call us or make an appointment right on our website today. 

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